Decoration or trimming cut from one piece of fabric and stitched
to another to add dimension and texture. Designs with appliqué
can be more economical than embroidery alone if appliqué occupies
a significant amount of the design.
Woven or non-woven material used underneath the fabric being
embroidered to provide support and stability.
Three stitches placed back and forth between two points,
often used for outlining.
Collection of thread between goods and needle plate resembling
a bird’s nest. May be caused by improper tensioning of the top
thread or not following thread path correctly.
Spool or reel that holds the bobbin thread which helps form
stitches on the underside of the fabric.
Coarse woven fabric stiffened with glue, used to stabilize
fabric for stitching. Commonly used in caps to build the front
Stitch that looks like a chain link formed with one thread
fed from the bottom.
Form of embroidery in which a loop stitch is formed on the
top of the fabric.
A digitizing capability that allows void areas to be so designated
when mapping perimeter points.
Method of digitizing in which a proportionate number of stitches
are placed between defined points after a scale has been designated.
Two stitches that cross at the center to form an X.
Unit of weight used to measure the fineness of thread. Deniers
are represented by the weight of the strands of thread, a slash,
and the number of strands per thread.
Term for punching that reflects the computerized method of
converting artwork into a series of commands to be read by an
embroidery machine’s computer.
Embroidery design with a finished edge usually worn on outer
Decorative stitching on fabric.
A format where individual stitches in a design have been
digitized, generally meaning that the design can’t be enlarged
or reduced more than 10-20% without causing distortion.
Material hooped or placed on top of fabrics with a surface
texture that are to be embroidered, compacting the texture and
holding the stitches above it.
Series of running stitches commonly used to cover large areas.
Process done after embroidery is complete, including trimming
loose threads, cutting or tearing away excess backing, removing
facing, cleaning, pressing and packaging for sale or shipment.
Up and down motion of goods under action of the needle.
Method of testing thread tension and soundness of timing.
Sew the word FOX in one inch satin stitch block letters. Examine
the reverse side for correctly balanced ratio of one-third bobbin
thread to two-thirds top thread.
Holding device for insertion of goods under an embroidery
head for the application of embroidery. May employ a number
of means for maintaining stability during the embroidery process.
Variety of techniques that allow loading of multiple units
to be embroidered in a single loading operation.
Method of testing thread tension. Stitch one inch block letters
for each needle bar. The reverse side of the completed embroidery
should show a ratio of two-thirds top thread to one-third bobbin
Devices used to hold or frame small or unusually shaped items
such as socks or gloves.
Holds the bobbin case in the machine and plays a vital role
in stitch formation. Making two complete rotations for each
stitch, its point meets a loop of top thread at a precisely
timed moment and distance to form a stitch.
Device made from wood, plastic or steel with which fabric
is gripped tightly between an inner ring and outer ring and
attached to the machine for embroidering.
Two or more rows of overlapping satin stitches.
Movement of the machine without needle penetration commonly
used to get from one point in a design to another.
Embroidery using letters or words.
Known as recessed hooping, this technique is useful when
hooping bulky or slick fabrics such as insulated jackets.
Commonly referred to as a lock-down stitch, it is formed
by three or four consecutive stitches of at least a ten point
movement. It should be used at the end of all columns, fills
and any element where jumps will follow.
Short for logotype, name, symbol or trademark of a company,
organization or individual.
Marking of goods to serve as an aid in positioning the frame
and referencing a needle start point.
Embroidered design composed of one or more letters, usually
the initials in a name.
Small, slender piece of steel with a hole for thread and a point
for stitching fabric. Sharp points are for piercing heavy, tightly
woven fabrics. Ball points are for gliding between fibers of knits.
Bar that holds the needle and regulates the distance to which
the needle is driven into the bobbin assembly.
Conversion of artwork into a series of commands to be read
by an embroidery machine’s computer.
Correct registration is achieved when all stitches and design
elements line up correctly.
Consists of one stitch between two points, used for outlining
and fine detail.
Stitches per minute for measuring the running speed of an
Formed by closely arranged zigzag stitches.
Ability to enlarge or reduce a design.
Cutting utensil having a curved handle with one hole for
the thumb, another hole for two or more fingers, and an overall
length of usually more than six inches. Used for cutting fabrics
on a table or other flat surface.
A digitizing technique that places shorter stitches in curves
and corners to avoid unnecessarily bulky build-up of stitches.
Digitizing feature that allows one or more stitches in a
pattern to be deleted, lengthened or altered.